PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AND SUICIDAL IDEATION AMONG PATIENTS IN THE MAIN COVID-19 HOSPITALS IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Authors

  • Mohd Shaiful Azlan bin Kassim Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Noor Ani Ahmad Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Umi Adzlin Silim Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Muhammad Najib Abdullah Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Norazam Harun Hospital Permai Johore Bahru, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Siti Nordiana Dollah Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Tuanku Mizan, Ministry of Defense Malaysia
  • Norhafizah Sahril Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Muhammad Solihin Rezali Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Chan Ying Ying Institute for Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Noor Izuana Redzuan Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Adlin Mohd Salleh Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Hariani Ishak Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Salina Abdul Aziz Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Chin Loi Fei Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Lee Chung Wah Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Norhayati Ab Rahman Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Marini Namal Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Suhaila Mohd Som Hospital Permai Johore Bahru, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Fabian Sunil Dass Hospital Permai Johore Bahru, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Cik Norhameza Ahmad Badruddin Hospital Permai Johore Bahru, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Nurashikin Ibrahim Disease Control Divison, Ministry of Health Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.23/no.1/art.1628

Keywords:

Mental health status, hospitalized, COVID-19 patient, prevalence

Abstract

The outbreak of pandemic disease is catastrophic and caused negative psychological effects among patients, healthcare workers and their surroundings. This study aims to determine the prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation among stable hospitalized COVID-19 patients. This is a cross-sectional study with web-based online survey involving 401 stable hospitalized COVID-19 patients aged 18 years above who were selected via quota sampling technique. The questionnaire consists of socio-demographic profile, Patient Health Questionnaire 9 items (PHQ-9) and Brief COPE (Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced). The identified probable cases of depression and suicidal ideation were subsequently referred to psychiatrists. The prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation were 7.5% and 4.0% respectively. The prediction model revealed that females [aOR=5.29 (95% CI: 1.34, 20.80)], age 35-49 years old [aOR=7.47 (95% CI: 1.78, 31.30)], adopting behavioral disengagement [aOR=1.94 (95% CI: 1.31, 2.87)] and self-blame [(aOR = 1.74, 95% CI: 1.31, 2.30)] as coping strategies, were significant predictors of depression. The findings estimate mental health burden among COVID-19 patients in Malaysia. The establishment of continuous mental health surveillance is essential in managing cases of depression and suicidal ideation.

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Published

2023-04-24

How to Cite

bin Kassim, M. S. A., Ahmad, N. A. ., Silim, U. A. ., Abdullah, M. N. ., Harun, N. ., Dollah, S. N. ., … Ibrahim, N. (2023). PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AND SUICIDAL IDEATION AMONG PATIENTS IN THE MAIN COVID-19 HOSPITALS IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 23(1), 110–117. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.23/no.1/art.1628