• YUZANA MOHD YUSOP Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia.
  • Wan nor Aliza Wan Abdul Rahman Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia.
  • Wan M. Asyraf Wan Afthanorhan Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia.
  • Nurul Asyikin Ahmad Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia.
  • Harmy Mohamed Yusoff Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia.




Knowledge, Attitude, Preventive Practices, Health Belief, HFMD


The aim of this project is to develop and validate the Malay language version of the Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease (HFMD) questionnaire for caretakers. A cross sectional study was conducted among 352 respondents. The self-administered questionnaire for HFMD contains four domains and a total of 30 items. The study included 75 kindergartens in Kuala Terengganu. Three government entities that operate kindergartens have offered a list of locations. Participants in this study were caretakers who were directly involved in the care of the children in the selected kindergartens. Several available methods were conducted for this study. The Cronbach Alpha method and Exploratory Factor Analysis were applied to determine the reliability and validities of the proposed constructs using pilot data. It was shown that the proposed constructs (varimax maximization) were reliable and valid for further investigation. Next, the new data was re-collected guided from pilot result suggestions to represent the field work. The field work data was then analyzed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) to assess the performance of the measurement model. All constructs were fit and met the acceptable limits of model fitness, reliability, and validities. This HFMD tool underwent forward and reverse translation, content validation, and adaptation in the Malay language. The validity and reliability of this measure have been established for HFMD's satisfactory exploratory factor analysis and internal consistency in measuring Knowledge, Attitude, Preventive Practices, and Health Belief


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How to Cite

MOHD YUSOP, Y., Wan Abdul Rahman, W. nor A., Wan Afthanorhan, W. M. A., Ahmad, N. A., & Mohamed Yusoff, H. (2023). EXPLORATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, PREVENTIVE PRACTICES AND HEALTH BELIEF TOWARDS HAND, FOOT, AND MOUTH DISEASE (HFMD) QUESTIONNAIRE FOR CARETAKERS. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 23(2), 176–186. https://doi.org/10.37268/mjphm/vol.23/no.2/art.2008